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Quick answer
"Treinta" is a noun which is often translated as "thirty", and "cinco" is an adjective which is often translated as "five". Learn more about the difference between "treinta" and "cinco" below.
treinta(
treyn
-
tah
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (number)
a. thirty (cardinal)
La cuenta fue de treinta dólares. The bill was for thirty dollars.
b. thirtieth (ordinal)
Mis padres celebraron su treinta aniversario de boda la semana pasada.My parents celebrated their thirtieth wedding anniversary last week.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
2. (number)
a. thirty
Diez por tres es igual a treinta. Ten times three is equal to thirty.
b. thirtieth (in dates)
El cumpleaños de mi padre es el treinta de noviembre.My father’s birthday is on the thirtieth of November.
3. (decade)
a. thirties
Mi familia se mudó de España a los Estados Unidos en los treinta.My family moved from Spain to the United States in the thirties.
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cinco(
seeng
-
koh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (number)
a. five
Hay cinco árboles en frente de la casa.There are five trees in front of the house.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
2. (number)
a. five
Dos más tres son cinco.Two plus three equals five.
b. fifth (in dates)
Nuestros amigos llegarán el cinco de febrero.Our friends will be arriving on February fifth.
3. (minimal amount)
Regionalism used in Chile
(Chile)
a. five cents
No le pidas nada porque ni tiene un cinco.Don't ask him for anything because he doesn't even have five cents.
4. (five-cent piece)
Regionalism used in Chile
(Chile)
Regionalism used in Costa Rica
(Costa Rica)
a. five-cent piece
Mi abuelo me dio este cinco de colección.My grandfather gave me this five-cent piece as a collector's item.
5. (marble)
Regionalism used in Guatemala
(Guatemala)
a. marbles
Pepe, ¿quieres jugar al cinco conmigo?Pepe, do you want to play marbles with me?
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