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Quick answer
"Género" is a noun which is often translated as "kind", and "caso" is a noun which is often translated as "case". Learn more about the difference between "género" and "caso" below.
género(
heh
-
neh
-
roh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (sort)
a. kind
Estos cigarros están entre los mejores de su género.These cigars are among the best of their kind.
b. type
No me identifico con ese género de personas.I don't identify with that type of person.
2. (grammar)
a. gender
En español, los sustantivos se dividen en género masculino y femenino.In Spanish, nouns fall into two genders: masculine and feminine.
3. (style)
a. genre
No me gusta mucho ese género literario. Prefiero los cuentos.I don't really like that literary genre. I prefer short stories.
4. (biology)
a. genus
El perro doméstico es del género "Canis".The domestic dog belongs to the genus "Canis."
5. (sex)
a. gender
En estos tiempos no nos interesa el género. Todos somos iguales.We don't care about gender nowadays. Everybody is equal.
6. (products)
a. merchandise
En esta tienda todo el género cuesta un dólar o menos.In this store, all of the merchandise costs a dollar or less.
7. (fabric)
a. cloth
Eligió un género robusto para la chaqueta.He chose a hard-wearing cloth for the jacket.
b. material
Quiero un vestido de género suave y suelto.I want a dress in a soft, flowing material.
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caso(
kah
-
soh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (circumstance)
a. case
¿Saben qué hacer en caso de un temblor?Do you know what to do in case of an earthquake?
b. fact
El caso es que si termina sus estudios tiene mayor posibilidad de conseguir empleo.The fact is that if he finishes his studies, he'll have a better chance of getting a job.
2. (legal)
a. case
La abogada ha estudiado el caso durante un mes y todavía no tiene una solución.The lawyer has studied the case for a month and she still doesn't have a solution.
3. (medicine)
a. case
Debemos extremar precauciones para prevenir otro caso del ébola.We must take every precaution to prevent another case of Ebola.
4. (linguistics)
a. case
El húngaro es una lengua aglutinante que cuenta con muchos casos.Hungarian is an agglutinative language with many cases.
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