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Quick answer
"Cesto" is a noun which is often translated as "basket", and "canasta" is a noun which is also often translated as "basket". Learn more about the difference between "cesto" and "canasta" below.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (container)
a. basket
Tengo un cesto lleno de revistas y periódicos junto al sofá.I have a basket next to the sofa that is full of magazines and newspapers.
b. hamper (for laundry)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
No dejes tu ropa sucia en el piso; ponla en el cesto.Don't leave your dirty clothes on the floor; put them in the hamper.
2. (sports)
a. basket
No puedo creer que puedas meter el balón en el cesto desde tan lejos.I can't believe you can get the ball into the basket from such a distance.
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A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (lightweight container)
a. basket
Puse la ropa sucia en una canasta en el lavadero.I put the dirty clothes in a basket in the laundry room.
b. hamper (for food) (United Kingdom)
Toda la comida para el picnic ya está en la canasta.All of the food we need for the picnic is in the hamper.
2. (sports)
a. hoop (basketball rim)
Lancé el balón a la canasta pero fallé.I shot the ball at the hoop but missed.
b. basket (field goal in basketball)
Este equipo simplemente no puede lograr anotar una canasta.This team just can't manage to score a basket.
3. (card game)
a. canasta
Cada sábado juega a la canasta con un grupo de amigas.She plays canasta every Saturday with a group of friends.
4. (for luggage)
Regionalism used in Colombia
Regionalism used in Mexico
a. roof rack
Ya aseguré el kayak a la canasta.I've secured the kayak onto the roof rack.
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