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Quick answer
"Caso" is a noun which is often translated as "case", and "número" is a noun which is often translated as "number". Learn more about the difference between "caso" and "número" below.
caso(
kah
-
soh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (circumstance)
a. case
¿Saben qué hacer en caso de un temblor?Do you know what to do in case of an earthquake?
b. fact
El caso es que si termina sus estudios tiene mayor posibilidad de conseguir empleo.The fact is that if he finishes his studies, he'll have a better chance of getting a job.
2. (legal)
a. case
La abogada ha estudiado el caso durante un mes y todavía no tiene una solución.The lawyer has studied the case for a month and she still doesn't have a solution.
3. (medicine)
a. case
Debemos extremar precauciones para prevenir otro caso del ébola.We must take every precaution to prevent another case of Ebola.
4. (linguistics)
a. case
El húngaro es una lengua aglutinante que cuenta con muchos casos.Hungarian is an agglutinative language with many cases.
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número(
noo
-
meh
-
roh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (mathematics)
a. number
¿Ese número es par o impar?Is that number even or odd?
2. (amount)
a. number
Un gran número de personas votó durante la mañana.A large number of people voted in the morning.
3. (shoe size)
a. size
¿Qué número de zapatos llevas?What size shoe do you wear?
4. (version)
a. issue
¿Has visto el número más reciente de la revista?Have you seen the most recent issue of the magazine?
b. edition
Acaba de salir un número especial de la revista Science.A special edition of Science magazine has just come out.
c. number
¿Se consiguen los números atrasados?Are back numbers available?
5. (lottery)
a. lottery ticket
¡Apúrate y compra tu número antes de que sea demasiado tarde!Hurry up and buy your lottery ticket before it's too late!
6. (performance)
a. act
Hubo una ovación de pie después del número de canto.There was a standing ovation after the singing act.
b. number
¡La orquesta realizó un buen número anoche!The orchestra performed quite a number last night!
7. (policeman)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
a. officer
¡Cuidado! Acaba de pasar un número.Be careful! An officer just walked by.
8. (grammar)
a. number
En inglés los adjetivos no tienen número.In English, adjectives don't change in number.
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