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Quick answer
"Blanco" is an adjective which is often translated as "white", and "negro" is an adjective which is often translated as "black". Learn more about the difference between "blanco" and "negro" below.
blanco(
blahn
-
koh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (color)
a. white
Isabel usó pintura blanca para pintar la sala.Isabel used white paint to paint the living room.
2. (related to skin color)
a. white
Mi vecina es blanca y su esposo es negro.My neighbor is white and her husband is black.
b. fair
Nunca sale sin protector solar porque es muy blanca.She never goes out without sun protection because she is very fair.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
3. (color)
a. white
El blanco es un color que representa la pureza y la perfección.White is a color that represents purity and perfection.
4. (space)
a. blank
Favor de llenar todos los blancos.Please fill in all the blanks.
5. (bull's-eye)
a. target
Apunta un poco más hacia abajo y creo que le darás en el blanco esta vez.Aim a little lower and I think you will hit the target this time.
6. (goal)
a. target
Vamos por buen camino para cumplir con los blancos de ingreso del tercer trimestre.We are on track to meet our third-quarter revenue targets.
7. (wine)
a. white wine
¿Le gustaría blanco o tinto con su comida?Would you like white wine or red with your meal?
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
8. (skin color)
a. white person
Aunque el apartheid ha terminado, las tensiones entre los blancos y los negros continúan en Sudáfrica.Although apartheid has ended, tensions between white people and black people continue in South Africa.
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negro
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (color)
a. black
¿Prefieres el vestido rojo o el negro?Do you prefer the red dress or the black dress?
b. dark (eyes)
Tiene unos ojos negros de impresión.He has striking dark eyes.
2. (skin color)
a. black
Mi padre es blanco y mi madre es negra.My father is white and my mother is black.
3. (bronzed)
a. tanned
Pasó dos días en la playa y volvió completamente negra.She spent two days at the seaside and was completely tanned on her return.
4. (pessimistic)
a. gloomy
Tiene una visión muy negra de la vida.She takes a very gloomy view of life.
5.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(cross)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
¡Estoy negro de esperar!I'll have enough of waiting!
¡Me pone negra que la gente sea tan maleducada!It drives me crazy when people are so rude!
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
6. (color)
a. black
El negro pega con todo.Black suits everything.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
7. (person)
a. black person
Muchos negros de los Estados Unidos emigraron a Liberia en el siglo XIX.Many black people in the United States emigrated to Liberia in the 19th century.
8. (writer)
a. ghostwriter
Contrató a un negro para que escribiera sus memorias.He hired a ghostwriter to write his memoirs.
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