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Quick answer
"Avión" is a noun which is often translated as "plane", and "primero" is an adjective which is often translated as "first". Learn more about the difference between "avión" and "primero" below.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (aviation)
a. plane
El mundo se ve tan distinto desde un avión.The world looks so different from a plane.
b. airplane
El Airbus 800 es el avión de pasajeros más grande.The Airbus 800 is the largest passenger airplane ever made.
c. aircraft
Un combustible nuevo para aviones comerciales sería muy útil.A new fuel for commercial aircraft would be very useful.
d. aeroplane (United Kingdom)
Me gustaría tener un avión privado para viajar por el mundo.I'd like to have a private aeroplane to fly around the world.
2. (animal)
a. house martin
El avión es un ave migratoria.The house martin is a migratory bird.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (position)
a. first
Los países se enumeran en la primera fila de la tabla.The countries are listed in the first row of the table.
2. (in time)
a. first
El partido se canceló tras el primer tiempo.The match was canceled after the first half.
3. (principal)
a. main
Nuestro primer objetivo es reducir gastos.Our main objective is to reduce expenses.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
4. (in a series)
a. first
Primero oí la explosión y luego vi el fuego.First I heard the explosion and then I saw the fire.
5. (indicating preference)
a. rather
Primero me muero antes de montar esa montaña rusa.I'd rather die than go on that roller coaster.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
6. (indicating superiority)
a. the best
Era el primero en matemáticas en séptimo grado.I was the best in mathematics in seventh grade.
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