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Quick answer
"Arqueólogo" is a noun which is often translated as "archaeologist", and "ruina" is a noun which is often translated as "ruin". Learn more about the difference between "arqueólogo" and "ruina" below.
el arqueólogo, la arqueóloga(
ahr
-
keh
-
oh
-
loh
-
goh
)
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
1. (profession)
a. archaeologist
El cráneo fue descubierto por una arqueóloga mientras buscaba en el yacimiento.The skull was found by an archaeologist while searching the site.
b. archeologist
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
Los arqueólogos encontraron restos humanos en la excavación.The archeologists found human remains at the dig.
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ruina(
rrwee
-
nah
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (finance)
a. ruin
La crisis de 2008 nos dejó en un estado de ruina económica.The crisis in 2008 left us in a state of financial ruin.
2.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(destruction)
a. ruin
Los terroristas prometieron llevar la ruina a las naciones imperialistas del mundo.The terrorists promised to bring ruin to the imperialist nations of the world.
3.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(mess)
a. wreck
Sonia es una auténtica ruina desde que Juan la dejó.Sonia is a total wreck since Juan left her.
4. (construction)
a. collapse
Evacuaron el edifico porque amenazaba ruina.They evacuated the building because it was on the verge of collapse.
ruinas
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
5. (remains)
a. ruins (plural)
A los turistas les encanta visitar las ruinas romanas.Tourists love to visit roman ruins.
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