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Quick answer
"El año pasado" is a phrase which is often translated as "last year", and "ellas" is a pronoun which is often translated as "they". Learn more about the difference between "el año pasado" and "ellas" below.
el año pasado(
ehl
 
ah
-
nyoh
 
pah
-
sah
-
doh
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (the previous year)
a. last year
El año pasado por estas fechas nos mudamos juntos.We moved in together this time last year.
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ellas(
eh
-
yahs
)
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
1. (third person plural)
a. they (subject)
Ellas son las que querían montar la barbacoa.They are the ones who wanted to put on the barbecue.
b. them (object; after preposition)
Me refería a ellas, las que están sentadas allá.I was referring to them, the ones sitting over there.
Díselo a ellas.Tell it to them.
c. theirs (possessive)
No toques ese pastel. Es de ellas.Don't touch that cake. It's theirs.
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