"El año pasado" is a phrase which is often translated as "last year", and "ellas" is a pronoun which is often translated as "they". Learn more about the difference between "el año pasado" and "ellas" below.
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A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
1. (third person plural)
a. they (subject)
Ellas son las que querían montar la barbacoa.They are the ones who wanted to put on the barbecue.
b. them (object; after preposition)
Me refería a ellas, las que están sentadas allá.I was referring to them, the ones sitting over there.
Díselo a ellas.Tell it to them.
c. theirs (possessive)
No toques ese pastel. Es de ellas.Don't touch that cake. It's theirs.