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Quick answer
"Clases" is a form of "clase", a noun which is often translated as "class". "El año pasado" is a phrase which is often translated as "last year". Learn more about the difference between "el año pasado" and "clases" below.
el año pasado(
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (the previous year)
a. last year
El año pasado por estas fechas nos mudamos juntos.We moved in together this time last year.
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A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (course)
a. class
La clase de física es mi preferida.Physics is my favorite class.
b. lesson
Silvia se gana la vida dando clases particulares de alemán.Silvia earns her living teaching private German lessons.
c. lecture (in college)
¿A qué hora empieza la clase de álgebra?What time does the algebra lecture start?
2. (room)
a. class
La maestra le pidió que se retirara de la clase.The teacher asked her to leave the class.
b. classroom
¿A qué clase tenemos que ir?Which classroom do we have to go to?
c. lecture room (in college)
Te veo más tarde en la clase.See you later in the lecture room.
3. (group of students)
a. class
Toda la clase reprobó el examen.The whole class failed the exam.
4. (educational activities)
a. school
El lunes que viene no hay clase porque es fiesta.Next Monday we don't have school because it's a holiday.
5. (type)
a. kind
En nuestro país se pueden encontrar toda clase de pájaros distintos.In our country you can find all kinds of different birds.
b. class
No me gusta esta clase de flores.I don't like this class of flowers.
c. sort
¿Qué clase de desodorante usas?What sort of deodorant do you use?
6. (category)
a. quality
Nos sirvieron un vino tinto de primera clase.We were served a top-quality red wine.
7. (transport)
a. class
La clase turista es la más barata.Tourist class is the cheapest.
8. (refinement)
a. class
La primera dama tiene mucha clase.The first lady has a lot of class.
9. (sociology)
a. class
Fernández viene de una familia de clase media.Fernandez comes from a middle-class family.
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