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Quick answer
"Dueño" is a noun which is often translated as "owner", and "patrón" is a noun which is often translated as "boss". Learn more about the difference between "dueño" and "patrón" below.
el dueño, la dueña(
dweh
-
nyoh
)
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
1. (one who owns)
a. owner
El dueño del nuevo restaurante nos invitó a la inauguración.The owner of the new restaurant invited us to the grand opening.
b. proprietor
Gerardo celebró diez años como el dueño de la tienda local de deportes.Gerardo celebrated ten years as the proprietor of the local sporting goods store.
c. landlord
Nuestro dueño aumentó la renta de nuevo, así que nos mudamos.Our landlord raised the rent again, so we're moving out.
d. landlady (feminine)
Ella es la dueña de un complejo de apartamentos entero.She is the landlady of an entire apartment complex.
e. proprietress (feminine)
¿A qué te dedicas, Dorothy? - Soy la dueña de una librería.What do you do for a living, Dorothy? - I'm the proprietress of a bookstore.
2. (control; used with "de")
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
La reunión empezó a desmoronarse hasta que el abogado habló y se hizo dueño de la situación.The meeting was starting to fall apart until the lawyer spoke and took control of the situation.
Las olas eran muy grandes, pero los expertos surfistas fueron dueños de la situación.The waves were very big, but the expert surfers were in control of the situation.
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el patrón, la patrona(
pah
-
trohn
)
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
1. (person in charge)
a. boss
El patrón dice que soy el mejor empleado.My boss says I'm the best employee.
b. employer
El patrón echó a diez obreros de la fábrica.The employer fired ten factory workers.
c. owner
Tendrás que consultarlo con el patrón. Yo soy solo un empleado.You will have to ask the owner about that. I'm just an employee.
2. (person who has servants)
a. master (masculine)
Los esclavos desobedecieron al patrón y fueron castigados.The slaves disobeyed the master and were punished.
b. mistress (feminine)
Las sirvientas están ayudando a la patrona a vestirse.The servants are helping the mistress to get dressed.
3. (owner of leased property)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
a. landlord (masculine)
El patrón dice que le debo dos meses de alquiler.The landlord claims I owe him two months' rent.
b. landlady (feminine)
Mike no paga el alquiler porque la patrona es su madre.Mike doesn't pay rent because the landlady is his mother.
4. (nautical)
a. skipper
El patrón y la tripulación están reparando la nave.The skipper and the crew are repairing the vessel.
5. (religious)
a. patron saint
San Francisco de Asís es el patrón de los animales.Saint Francis of Assisi is the patron saint of animals.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
6. (model)
a. pattern
El batería tocaba un patrón rítmico que se repetía.The drummer played a repetitive rhythmic pattern.
7. (measurement)
a. standard
Este es el patrón de medida que usamos en nuestras fábricas.This is the measurement standard that we have in our factories.
8. (sewing)
a. pattern
Vendemos patrones de bordado a mano para prendas de vestir.We sell hand sewing patterns for clothing.
9. (botany)
a. stock
Le injerté un retoño al patrón.I grafted the scion to the stock.
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