Quick answer
"Dueño" is a noun which is often translated as "owner", and "dama" is a noun which is often translated as "lady". Learn more about the difference between "dueño" and "dama" below.
el dueño, la dueña(
dweh
-
nyoh
)
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
1. (one who owns)
a. owner
El dueño del nuevo restaurante nos invitó a la inauguración.The owner of the new restaurant invited us to the grand opening.
b. proprietor
Gerardo celebró diez años como el dueño de la tienda local de deportes.Gerardo celebrated ten years as the proprietor of the local sporting goods store.
c. landlord
Nuestro dueño aumentó la renta de nuevo, así que nos mudamos.Our landlord raised the rent again, so we're moving out.
d. landlady (feminine)
Ella es la dueña de un complejo de apartamentos entero.She is the landlady of an entire apartment complex.
e. proprietress (feminine)
¿A qué te dedicas, Dorothy? - Soy la dueña de una librería.What do you do for a living, Dorothy? - I'm the proprietress of a bookstore.
2. (control; used with "de")
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
La reunión empezó a desmoronarse hasta que el abogado habló y se hizo dueño de la situación.The meeting was starting to fall apart until the lawyer spoke and took control of the situation.
Las olas eran muy grandes, pero los expertos surfistas fueron dueños de la situación.The waves were very big, but the expert surfers were in control of the situation.
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dama(
dah
-
mah
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (woman)
a. lady
¡Bienvenidos damas y caballeros!Welcome, ladies and gentlemen!
2. (noble woman)
a. lady
Las damas de la realeza británica vistieron las mejores ropas.The ladies of the British royalty wore the best clothes.
3. (in chess, cards)
a. queen
La dama es la pieza más poderosa en el ajedrez.The queen is the most powerful piece in chess.
4. (in checkers)
a. king
¿Pueden moverse las damas de alguna manera especial?Can you move the kings in any special way?
damas
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
5. (board game)
a. checkers
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
No he jugado una partida de damas desde que era niña.I haven't played a game of checkers since I was a girl.
b. draughts (United Kingdom)
Aprendí a jugar a las damas pero nunca al ajedrez.I learned to play draughts but never chess.
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