Quick answer
"Dormitorio" is a noun which is often translated as "bedroom", and "cuarto" is an adjective which is often translated as "fourth". Learn more about the difference between "dormitorio" and "cuarto" below.
dormitorio(
dohr
-
mee
-
toh
-
ryoh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (room of a house)
a. bedroom
Mis dos hermanos menores duermen en el mismo dormitorio.My two younger brothers sleep in the same bedroom.
2. (school)
a. dormitory
A los estudiantes se les asignará un dormitorio cuando lleguen al colegio.Students will be allocated a dormitory on arrival at the school.
b. dorm
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Cuando estaba en el colegio, compartía el dormitorio con otras tres chicas.When I was in school, I had to share a dorm with three other girls.
3. (furniture)
a. bedroom suite
No pude encontrar un dormitorio a juego con mi colcha.I couldn't find a bedroom suite that goes with my quilt.
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cuarto(
kwahr
-
toh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (ordinal number)
a. fourth
Entra al edificio y toma el ascensor al cuarto piso.Enter the building and take the elevator to the fourth floor.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
2. (fraction)
a. quarter
Un cuarto de la clase es macho.A quarter of the class is male.
b. fourth
Solo un cuarto de los encuestados prefirieron la primera pasta dental.Only a fourth of those surveyed preferred the first toothpaste.
3. (in time expressions)
a. quarter
Son las siete menos cuarto.It's a quarter to seven.
b. fifteen
Son las diez y cuarto.It's ten fifteen.
4. (living space)
a. room
La casa tiene cuatro cuartos.The house has four rooms.
b. bedroom
Comparto un cuarto con mi hermana.I share a bedroom with my sister.
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