Quick answer
"Dorado" is an adjective which is often translated as "golden", and "atún" is a noun which is often translated as "tuna". Learn more about the difference between "dorado" and "atún" below.
dorado(
doh
-
rah
-
doh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (color)
a. golden
Cindy tiene el cabello dorado.Cindy has golden hair.
b. gold
Carlos tiene un coche dorado.Carlos has a gold car.
c. gold-colored
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
Le di a mi padre un alfiler de corbata dorado por su cumpleaños.I gave my father a gold-colored tie tack for his birthday.
d. gold-coloured (United Kingdom)
Mona llevaba un cordón dorado por graduarse con honores.Mona wore a gold-coloured cord for graduating with honours.
2. (covered with gold)
a. gilded
El canario canta en su jaula dorada.The canary sings in its gilded cage.
3. (splendorous)
a. golden
Carmen Montejo fue una estrella en la época dorada del cine mexicano.Carmen Montejo was a star during Mexico’s golden age of cinema.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
4. (application of gilt)
a. gilding
Los artesanos tomaron una semana para terminar el dorado de la estatua.The artisans took a week to finish the gilding of the statue.
5. (layer of gold)
a. gilt
Los espejos del viejo salón tenían impresionantes marcos recubiertos con dorado.The mirrors in the ancient hall had impressive frames covered in gilt.
6. (color)
a. gold
¿Qué color te gusta para el nuevo logotipo? - El dorado.What color would you like for the new logo? - Gold.
7. (animal)
a. dorado
Fuimos a pescar dorado por la costa de las islas Canarias.We went fishing for dorado off the coast of the Canary Islands.
b. mahi-mahi
Cuando estábamos buceando en Malta, vimos un dorado.We saw a mahi-mahi when we were scuba diving in Malta.
8. (culinary)
a. dorado
Asamos el dorado a las brasas y lo servimos con sal y limón recién exprimido.We prepared fire-grilled dorado and served it with salt, and freshly squeezed lime.
b. mahi-mahi
El dorado es uno de mis pescado favoritos. - Pues yo no lo probé nunca.Mahi-mahi is one of my favorite fish. - Well, I've never tried it.
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atún(
ah
-
toon
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (animal)
a. tuna
Si miras a babor, verás la espalda de un atún asomando del agua.If you look off the port side, you'll see the back of a tuna sticking up out of the water.
b. tuna fish
No es poca cosa atrapar un atún porque es un pez muy grande.It's no small feat to catch a tuna fish because they're really big fish.
2. (culinary)
a. tuna
A mí me encanta la ensalada de escarola con tomate, atún y aceitunas.I love a salad with escarole, tomato, tuna, and olives.
b. tuna fish
Trajimos unos refrescos y unos emparedados de atún al parque.We brought some sodas and some tuna fish sandwiches to the park.
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