Quick answer
"Diverso" is an adjective which is often translated as "diverse", and "mucho" is an adjective which is often translated as "a lot of". Learn more about the difference between "diverso" and "mucho" below.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (disparate)
a. diverse
En el zoológico tienen una variedad muy diversa de animales.The zoo has a very diverse variety of animals.
b. varied
En la pastelería encontramos tartas de diverso tipo.In the patisserie we found varied types of cakes.
c. various
En la carrera de Medicina estudié enfermedades de diversa naturaleza.While in medical school, I studied various illnesses.
2. (not the same)
a. diverse
Los dos actores tenían un acento diverso pero sólo uno encajaba con el personaje.Both actors had diverse accents but only one fit the character.
b. different
Teresa y Raquel proceden de un tipo de familia diversoTeresa and Raquel come from different types of families.
3. (more than one)
a. several
Cuando te independices, tendrás que enfrentarte a diversas dificultades.When you become independent, you will have to face several difficulties.
b. various
En la tienda tenían diversas estanterías y no sabía cuál quedaría mejor en mi casa.In the store they had various shelves and I didn't know which one would fit my house best.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (a large amount)
a. a lot of
Hay mucha gente en la playa hoy.There are a lot of people at the beach today.
b. much (used with uncountable nouns)
¿Hay mucho desempleo en esa área?Is there much unemployment in that area?
c. many (used with plural nouns)
No hay muchas habitaciones en este hotel.There aren't many rooms in this hotel.
2. (in excess)
a. too much (used with uncountable nouns)
Es mucha responsabilidad para un niño tan joven.It's too much responsibility for such a young child.
b. too many (used with plural nouns)
Me diste muchas naranjas; solo quiero unas pocas.You gave me too many oranges; I only want a few.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
3. (a large amount)
a. a lot
¿Queda mucho por hacer?Is there a lot left to do?
b. much (replaces an uncountable noun)
¿Quieres que compre queso? - Sí, no queda mucho.Do you want me to buy cheese. - Yes, there isn't much left.
c. many (replaces a plural noun)
¿Todavía hay flores en el jardín? - Sí, todavía hay muchas.Are there still flowers in the garden? - Yes, there are still many.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
4. (considerably)
a. a lot
Estudia mucho, pero le cuesta mucho la escuela.He studies a lot, but he finds school hard.
b. much
Me sentí mucho mejor después de dormir bien.I felt much better after sleeping well.
5. (duration)
a. a long time
Mi esposo se tarda mucho en bañarse.My husband always takes a long time to shower.
6. (frequently)
a. much
No corro mucho, pero sí me gusta.I don't run much, but I do like it.
7. (with effort)
a. hard
Los obreros de la construcción trabajan mucho.Construction workers work hard.
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