Quick answer
"Discurso" is a noun which is often translated as "speech", and "ponencia" is a noun which is often translated as "paper". Learn more about the difference between "discurso" and "ponencia" below.
discurso(
dees
-
koor
-
soh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (address)
a. speech
El presidente abrió la conferencia con un discurso de bienvenida.The chairman opened the conference with a welcome speech.
2. (rhetoric)
a. discourse
El discurso del candidato se centra en el impacto emocional en vez de datos concretos.The candidate's discourse focuses on emotional impact instead of hard facts.
3. (linguistics)
a. speech
La fonética estudia los diferentes sonidos del discurso humano.Phonetics studies the different sounds of human speech.
b. discourse
El análisis del discurso identificó la jerga regional del orador.The discourse analysis identified the speaker's regional jargon.
4. (indicating time)
a. passage
Tu corazón herido se curará con el discurso del tiempo.Your broken heart will heal with the passage of time.
b. passing
Las posibilidades de que una persona salga de un coma disminuyen con el discurso de los días.A person's chances of waking up from a coma decrease with every passing day.
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ponencia(
poh
-
nehn
-
syah
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (communication)
a. paper
Me han invitado a dar una ponencia en una conferencia sobre desarrollo regional.I've been invited to give a paper at a conference on regional development.
b. presentation
Vamos a reunir todas las ponencias del encuentro en una edición especial.We shall be publishing all the presentations given at the conference in a special edition.
2. (account)
a. report
La ponencia del equipo de investigación mostraba datos muy interesantes sobre la mortalidad infantil.The research team's report revealed very interesting data about infant mortality.
3. (panel)
a. committee
Una ponencia del Senado está estudiando la participación de los jóvenes en el mercado de trabajo.A Senate committee is studying the participation of young people in the labor market.
b. board
Deberíamos llevar este asunto a la ponencia para decidir las acciones que hay que tomar.We should bring this issue up to the board to see what action needs to be taken.
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