Quick answer
"Disculpe" is a form of "disculpar", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to forgive". "Perdón" is a noun which is often translated as "forgiveness". Learn more about the difference between "disculpe" and "perdón" below.
disculpar(
dees
-
kool
-
pahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to pardon)
a. to forgive
Por favor, discúlpame por haber roto la guitarra.Please, forgive me for breaking the guitar.
b. to excuse
Discúlpeme por llegar unos minutos tarde.Excuse me for arriving a few minutes late.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (to ask forgiveness)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Disculpe, por favor. ¿Me dice dónde está la parada del metro?Excuse me, please. Can you tell me where the subway station is?
Disculpa, no te he visto trabajando allí. Me pondré los cascos.I'm sorry, I didn't see you there working. I'll put headphones in.
disculparse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (to admit guilt)
a. to apologize
Si te disculparas, quizás te perdonaría.If you apologized, perhaps he'd forgive you.
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perdón(
pehr
-
dohn
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (act of forgiving)
a. forgiveness
Solo Dios puede darte el perdón que buscas.Only God can grant the forgiveness you seek.
b. pardon (law)
El gobernador le extendió el perdón al prisionero.The governor granted the inmate a pardon.
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
2. (apologies)
a. pardon me
Perdón, no te oigo con la música.Pardon me, I can't hear you over the music.
b. sorry
¡Perdón! No fue mi intención pisarte el pie.Sorry! I didn't mean to step on your foot.
c. excuse me
Perdón, ¿me puede dar la hora?Excuse me, do you have the time?
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