Quick answer
"Disculpe" is a form of "disculpar", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to forgive". "Habla español" is a phrase which is often translated as "he speaks Spanish". Learn more about the difference between "disculpe" and "habla español" below.
disculpar(
dees
-
kool
-
pahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to pardon)
a. to forgive
Por favor, discúlpame por haber roto la guitarra.Please, forgive me for breaking the guitar.
b. to excuse
Discúlpeme por llegar unos minutos tarde.Excuse me for arriving a few minutes late.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (to ask forgiveness)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Disculpe, por favor. ¿Me dice dónde está la parada del metro?Excuse me, please. Can you tell me where the subway station is?
Disculpa, no te he visto trabajando allí. Me pondré los cascos.I'm sorry, I didn't see you there working. I'll put headphones in.
disculparse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (to admit guilt)
a. to apologize
Si te disculparas, quizás te perdonaría.If you apologized, perhaps he'd forgive you.
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habla español(
ah
-
blah
 
ehs
-
pah
-
nyohl
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (third person singular)
a. he speaks Spanish (masculine)
Uwe no habla inglés, pero habla español.Uwe doesn't speak English, but he speaks Spanish.
b. she speaks Spanish (feminine)
Mi abuela es de Córdoba, y habla español con acento andaluz.My grandmother is from Cordoba, and she speaks Spanish with an Andalusian accent.
c. speaks Spanish
Jane habla español porque vivió cinco años en Madrid.Jane speaks Spanish because she lived in Madrid for five years.
2.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(second person singular)
a. you speak Spanish
Habla español muy bien. - Gracias, mi madre es Mexicana.You speak very good Spanish. - Thanks, my mother is Mexican.
3.
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
(imperative)
a. speak in Spanish
Habla español si quieres, todos te entendemos.Speak in Spanish if you want to, we can all understand it.
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