Quick answer
"Disculpe" is a form of "disculpar", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to forgive". "Disculpa" is a noun which is often translated as "apology". Learn more about the difference between "disculpe" and "disculpa" below.
disculpar(
dees
-
kool
-
pahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to pardon)
a. to forgive
Por favor, discúlpame por haber roto la guitarra.Please, forgive me for breaking the guitar.
b. to excuse
Discúlpeme por llegar unos minutos tarde.Excuse me for arriving a few minutes late.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (to ask forgiveness)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Disculpe, por favor. ¿Me dice dónde está la parada del metro?Excuse me, please. Can you tell me where the subway station is?
Disculpa, no te he visto trabajando allí. Me pondré los cascos.I'm sorry, I didn't see you there working. I'll put headphones in.
disculparse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (to admit guilt)
a. to apologize
Si te disculparas, quizás te perdonaría.If you apologized, perhaps he'd forgive you.
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disculpa(
dees
-
kool
-
pah
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (pardon)
a. apology
Me pidió que escribiera una disculpa al grupo.He asked me to write an apology to the group.
Mil disculpas por mi atraso.Many apologies for my lateness.
2. (pretext)
a. excuse
Me dio una disculpa por haber llegado tarde.He gave me an excuse for arriving late.
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
3.
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
(used to apologize; second person singular)
a. sorry
¡Disculpa! No te vi ahí.Sorry! I didn't see you there.
4.
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
(used to request attention; second person singular)
a. excuse me
¡Disculpa! ¿Sabe por dónde queda el parque?Excuse me! Do you know where the park is?
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