Quick answer
"Disculpe" is a form of "disculpar", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to forgive". "Adiós" is an interjection which is often translated as "goodbye". Learn more about the difference between "disculpe" and "adiós" below.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to pardon)
a. to forgive
Por favor, discúlpame por haber roto la guitarra.Please, forgive me for breaking the guitar.
b. to excuse
Discúlpeme por llegar unos minutos tarde.Excuse me for arriving a few minutes late.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (to ask forgiveness)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Disculpe, por favor. ¿Me dice dónde está la parada del metro?Excuse me, please. Can you tell me where the subway station is?
Disculpa, no te he visto trabajando allí. Me pondré los cascos.I'm sorry, I didn't see you there working. I'll put headphones in.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (to admit guilt)
a. to apologize
Si te disculparas, quizás te perdonaría.If you apologized, perhaps he'd forgive you.
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An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
1. (farewell)
a. goodbye
Adiós, amor. Que te vaya bien en el trabajo.Goodbye, honey. Have a good day at work.
b. good-bye
¡Adiós, Yolanda! ¡Que tengas buen viaje!Good-bye, Yolanda! Have a good trip!
c. good-by
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
¡Adiós! - ¡Nos vemos!Good-by! - See you later!
d. goodby
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
Adiós, amigos. Ya me voy.Goodby, guys. I'm out of here.
e. bye
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
Adiós, Michael. Te veré mañana.Bye, Michael. I'll see you tomorrow.
f. hello (when passing by someone)
Le dije adiós al Sr. García al verlo en la calle.I said hello to Mr. García when I saw him on the street.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
2. (farewell)
a. goodbye
Nuestro adiós pareció durar una eternidad.Our goodbye seemed to last forever.
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