Quick answer
"Perdona" is a form of "perdonar", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to forgive". "Disculpa" is a noun which is often translated as "apology". Learn more about the difference between "disculpa" and "perdona" below.
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (pardon)
a. apology
Me pidió que escribiera una disculpa al grupo.He asked me to write an apology to the group.
Mil disculpas por mi atraso.Many apologies for my lateness.
2. (pretext)
a. excuse
Me dio una disculpa por haber llegado tarde.He gave me an excuse for arriving late.
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(used to apologize; second person singular)
a. sorry
¡Disculpa! No te vi ahí.Sorry! I didn't see you there.
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(used to request attention; second person singular)
a. excuse me
¡Disculpa! ¿Sabe por dónde queda el parque?Excuse me! Do you know where the park is?
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to accept apology)
a. to forgive
¿Me perdonas por regalarte flores que te hacen estornudar?Will you forgive me for giving you flowers that make you sneeze?
2. (to absolve)
a. to pardon (legal)
El presidente lo perdonó y ya no tendrá que ir a la cárcel.The president pardoned him and now he won't have to go to jail.
3. (to excuse from an obligation)
a. to waive
El banco nos perdonó la cuota que cobran para abrir una cuenta nueva.The bank waived the fee they charge to open a new account.
b. to write off
No sé por qué, pero el banco nos perdonó la deuda que debemos de la casa.I don't know why, but the bank wrote off the debt we owe on the house.
4. (to let go by)
a. to miss
Mi tío no perdona un partido de fútbol.My uncle never misses a soccer game.
b. to go without
Mi mejor amiga nunca perdona su café de la tarde.My best friend never goes without her afternoon coffee.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
5. (to grant oneself forgiveness)
a. perdonarse
Ya es hora de que te perdones por los errores del pasado. It's time for you to forgive yourself for your past mistakes.
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