Quick answer
"Discapacidad" is a noun which is often translated as "disability", and "incapacidad" is a noun which is often translated as "inability". Learn more about the difference between "discapacidad" and "incapacidad" below.
discapacidad(
dees
-
kah
-
pah
-
see
-
dahd
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (quality of being disabled)
a. disability
María no puede valerse sola a causa de su discapacidad.Maria can't fend for herself because of her disability.
b. handicap
A word or phrase that is seldom used in contemporary language and is recognized as being from another decade, (e.g. cat, groovy).
(old-fashioned)
(often offensive)
La discapacidad de aquel hombre le impedía viajar sin su silla de ruedas.That man's handicap hampered him from traveling without his wheelchair.
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incapacidad(
eeng
-
kah
-
pah
-
see
-
dahd
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (lack of ability)
a. inability
La incapacidad de los vecinos para llegar a un acuerdo resultó en una demanda.The neighbors' inability to reach an agreement led to a lawsuit.
2. (legal)
a. incapacity
Mi abogado dice que la empresa no me podía despedir por sufrir una incapacidad temporal.My lawyer says that my temporary incapacity was not grounds for the company to fire me.
3. (ineptitude)
a. incompetence
Esa horrible profesora debería admitir su incapacidad para enseñar a los niños.That horrible teacher should admit her incompetence for teaching children.
4. (physical impairment)
a. disability
La incapacidad de mi madre hace que tenga que usar silla de ruedas.My mother's disability means she has to use a wheelchair.
b. physical handicap
A word or phrase that is seldom used in contemporary language and is recognized as being from another decade, (e.g. cat, groovy).
(old-fashioned)
An offensive word or phrase used to degrade a person or group of people based on race, gender, sexual preference, etc. (e.g. ghetto).
(pejorative)
Ojalá Rogelio pudiera jugar al fútbol pero su incapacidad se lo impide.I wish Rogelio could play soccer, but he can't because of his physical handicap.
c. mental handicap
A word or phrase that is seldom used in contemporary language and is recognized as being from another decade, (e.g. cat, groovy).
(old-fashioned)
An offensive word or phrase used to degrade a person or group of people based on race, gender, sexual preference, etc. (e.g. ghetto).
(pejorative)
Por la incapacidad de Rubén, le dieron el poder a su hermano.Because of Ruben's mental handicap, his brother was given power of attorney.
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