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"Director" is a noun which is often translated as "director", and "principal" is an adjective which is often translated as "main". Learn more about the difference between "director" and "principal" below.
el director, la directora(
dee
-
rehk
-
tohr
)
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
1. (person in charge of a company)
a. director (executive)
El director de la empresa se fue de vacaciones una semana.The director of the company went on vacation for a week.
b. manager (administrator)
Tras lo ocurrido, mandé una reclamación a la directora de la sucursal.Following what happened, I sent a complaint to the branch manager.
2. (person in charge of a school)
a. principal
El director del colegio se reunió con los padres.The school principal met with the parents.
b. head teacher
La directora se quedó encerrada en su despacho.The head teacher got locked in her office.
c. headmaster (masculine) (United Kingdom)
El director inauguró el nuevo gimnasio del colegio.The headmaster opened the new school gym.
d. headmistress (feminine) (United Kingdom)
La directora me confiscó el celular.The headmistress confiscated my mobile phone.
3. (person in charge of a hotel)
a. manager
El director del hotel recibía en persona a los clientes.The hotel manager used to welcome the guests in person.
4. (person in charge of a newspaper or magazine)
a. editor
La directora del periódico se jubila este año.The editor of the newspaper is retiring this year.
b. editor in chief
Salvador Lobo ha sido nombrado director de la revista prestigiosa.Salvador Lobo has been appointed editor in chief of the prestigious magazine.
5. (person in charge of a hospital)
a. administrator
Los directores del hospital pidieron al gobierno un equipamiento más moderno.The hospital administrators asked the government for more modern equipment.
b. chief executive officer
Carmen cumplió diez años como directora de este hospital.Carmen spent 10 years as chief executive officer of this hospital.
c. chief executive (United Kingdom)
El director del hospital renunció a su cargo por motivos personales.The chief executive of the hospital resigned his post for personal reasons.
6. (person in charge of a prison)
a. warden
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
El director de la prisión firmó los permisos de visita.The prison warden signed the visitor permits.
b. governor (United Kingdom)
La directora de la cárcel lo envió a una celda de castigo.The prison governor had him sent to a punishment cell.
7. (film, theater, or television)
a. director
El director repitió la toma varias veces.The director repeated the take several times.
8. (person in charge of an orchestra)
a. conductor
Herbert von Karajan fue uno de los directores de orquesta más destacados del siglo XX.Herbert von Karajan was one of the most distinguished conductors of the 20th century.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
9. (organizing)
a. managerial
Dudo que me vaya bien un papel director.I doubt if a managerial role would suit me.
b. leading
El país juega un papel director en la coordinación de ayuda.The country is playing a leading role in coordinating aid.
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principal(
preen
-
see
-
pahl
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (most important)
a. main
El hotel se encuentra en la plaza principal del pueblo.The hotel is located on the main square in the village.
b. principal
Nuestro objetivo principal es brindar un servicio de gran calidad.Our principal aim is to provide a high-quality service.
c. leading
¡Me dieron el papel principal en la obra de teatro!I got the leading role in the play!
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
2. (finance)
a. principal
El contador calculó la tasa de interés sobre el principal.The accountant calculated the interest rate payable on the principal.
b. capital
El principal que se invirtió fue de $450,000.The capital invested was $450,000.
3. (floor above street level)
a. second floor
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
Vivíamos en el principal encima de la juguetería de mi padre.We lived on the second floor above my father's toy store.
b. first floor (United Kingdom)
No hay ascensor para llegar al principal.There is no lift up to the first floor.
4. (main level)
a. main floor
Al llegar, diríjase al mostrador de recepción en el principal.On arrival, please report to the reception desk on the main floor.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
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