Quick answer
"Dietas" is a plural noun which is often translated as "subsistence allowance", and "gasto" is a noun which is often translated as "spending". Learn more about the difference between "dietas" and "gasto" below.
dietas
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
1. (allowance for expenses)
a. subsistence allowance
Las dietas de los empleados incluyen hospedaje y comidas.The employees' subsistence allowance includes accommodation and meals.
b. per diem
Las dietas de los delegados solo incluyen transporte.The delegates' per diems only cover transportation.
dieta
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
2. (food)
a. diet
La dieta diaria debe incluir muchas frutas y verduras.A daily diet should include lots of fruit and vegetables.
3. (food regime)
a. diet
Estoy a dieta para perder los diez kilos que me sobran.I'm on a diet to lose the ten extra kilos I'm carrying.
4. (politics)
a. diet
La Dieta de Japón aprobó una nueva ley.The Japanese Diet passed a new law.
b. assembly
La dieta se reunió para elegir a un nuevo representante.The assembly gathered to choose a new representative.
5. (stipend)
a. allowance
Los que trabajan mejor reciben una dieta adicional.Those who work better get an additional allowance.
b. expenses
Los becarios recibirán dietas para viajar.The scholars will get traveling expenses.
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gasto(
gahs
-
toh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (expenditure)
a. spending
El gasto militar puede ser una carga para la economía.Military spending can be a burden for the economy.
2. (charge)
a. expense
La gasolina es mi mayor gasto.Gasoline is my biggest expense.
b. cost
Tenemos que ahorrar para cubrir los gastos de escrituración de nuestra nueva casa.We have to save up to pay the closing costs on our new house.
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