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Quick answer
"Subyugan" is a form of "subyugar", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to subjugate". "Diáfano" is an adjective which is often translated as "diaphanous". Learn more about the difference between "diáfano" and "subyugan" below.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (almost completely transparent)
a. diaphanous
Se veía el sujetador de la modelo por la tela diáfana de su vestido.You could see the model's bra through the diaphanous fabric of her dress.
b. translucent
Las cortinas de la sala son diáfanas y por eso entra todo el sol.The curtains in the living room are translucent, so that's why the sun comes in.
c. clear
Las diáfanas aguas de Formentera atraen a muchos buceadores.The clear waters of Formentera attract many scuba divers.
d. limpid
El agua del lago era tan diáfana que se veían todos los peces.The waters of the lake were so limpid that you could see all the fish.
e. crystalline
A word or phrase restricted in usage to literature or established writing (e.g. sex, once upon a time).
Las diáfanas aguas de la playa hacen que me sienta en un paraíso.The crystalline waters of the beach make me feel as though I were in paradise.
2. (unclouded)
a. clear
Cuando el cielo está diáfano es cuando más frío hace por acá.When the sky is clear is when it's coldest here.
3. (shiny)
a. bright
La luz diáfana de la lámpara es ideal para leer un libro.The bright light of the lamp is perfect for reading a book.
4. (lucid)
a. clear
La explicación del profesor fue tan diáfana que todos los alumnos la entendieron.The teacher's explanation was so clear that all the students understood it.
5. (unobstructed)
Regionalism used in Spain
a. open-plan
El arquitecto diseñó un espacio diáfano donde todos los empleados trabajarían juntos.The architect designed an open-plan space where all employees would work together.
b. open
Esta habitación diáfana puede convertirse en una sala de juegos para los niños.This open room can become a playroom for the children.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to subdue)
a. to subjugate
Los invasores subyugaron a los habitantes del sur.The invaders subjugated the people from the south.
2. (to enchant)
a. to captivate
El bebé ha subyugado a sus padres desde que nació.The baby has captivated his parents ever since he was born.
b. to charm
La pianista empezó a tocar y pronto subyugó al público.The pianist started playing and she soon charmed the audience.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (to subject oneself)
a. to submit oneself
La nación no está dispuesta a subyugarse ante las amenazas extranjeras.The nation is not willing to submit itself to foreign threats.
b. to subjugate
Los pueblos indígenas no tuvieron más remedio que subyugarse a la nueva cultura.The indigenous peoples had no choice but to subjugate to the new culture.
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