Quick answer
"DF" is an abbreviation which is often translated as "Mexico City", and "Ciudad de México" is a proper noun which is also often translated as "Mexico City". Learn more about the difference between "DF" and "Ciudad de México" below.
DF
An abbreviation is the shortened form of a word or group of words (e.g. "UFO" = "unidentified flying object"; "p." = "page").
abbreviation
1. (City of Mexico)
a. Mexico City
La única parte de México que conozco es el DF.The only part of Mexico I ever visited is Mexico City.
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Ciudad de México
A proper noun refers to the name of a person, place, or thing.
proper noun
1. (city)
a. Mexico City
Cuando vayan a Ciudad de México, no dejen de visitar la basílica de Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe.When you go to Mexico City, make sure you visit the Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe.
b. the City of Mexico
Ciudad de México es una de las ciudades más grandes y pobladas del mundo.The City of Mexico is one of the biggest and most populated cities in the world.
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