Quick answer
"Despensa" is a noun which is often translated as "pantry", and "alacena" is a noun which is often translated as "cupboard". Learn more about the difference between "despensa" and "alacena" below.
despensa(
dehs
-
pehn
-
sah
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (food storage)
a. pantry
Por favor, saca una caja de cereal de la despensa y la jarra de leche de la nevera.Please, take a box of cereal from the pantry and the jug of milk from the refrigerator.
b. larder
Voy al mercado porque la despensa está casi vacía.I'm going to the grocery store because the larder is almost empty.
2. (provisions)
a. stock of food
Tenemos una despensa de enlatados suficiente para todo un año.We have a stock of canned food enough for a whole year.
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alacena(
ah
-
lah
-
seh
-
nah
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (furniture)
a. cupboard
Guarda las tazas en la alacena después de lavarlas.Put the cups in the cupboard when you've washed them.
b. closet
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
Esta alacena está llena de copas que no usamos.This closet is full of glasses that we never use.
2. (room)
a. pantry
Fui a la alacena a buscar un paquete de azúcar, y resulta que la bombilla está fundida.I went to the pantry to get a packet of sugar, and it turns out that the bulb is blown.
b. larder
La casa tiene una alacena bastante grande junto a la cocina.The house has quite a big larder next to the kitchen.
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