Quick answer
"Desmedro" is a noun which is often translated as "deterioration", and "falangista" is an adjective which is often translated as "Falangist". Learn more about the difference between "desmedro" and "falangista" below.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
A word or phrase restricted in usage to literature or established writing (e.g. sex, once upon a time).
a. deterioration
El colectivo ecologista persigue evitar un mayor desmedro de nuestro planeta.The environmental collective aims to prevent any further deterioration of our planet.
b. decline
La película aborda el desmedro de una relación de pareja a lo largo de los años.The film describes the decline of a couple's relationship through the years.
2. (medicine)
a. emaciation
Muchos niños presentan desmedro o bajo peso.Many children have emaciation or low weight.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (related to the Falange)
a. Falangist
Franco respaldaba al partido falangista.Franco supported the Falangist party.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
2. (person affiliated with Falangism)
a. Falangist
Tu abuelo era falangista y por eso tenía unas ideas tan extremistas.Your grandfather was a Falangist, and that's why he he had such extremist ideas.
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