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Quick answer
"Desfavorecidas" is a form of "desfavorecer", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to go against the interest of". "Marginal" is an adjective which is often translated as "in the margin". Learn more about the difference between "desfavorecidas" and "marginal" below.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to be prejudicial)
a. to go against the interest of
La nueva ley aprobada por el gobierno desfavorece a los trabajadores autónomos.The new law passed by the government goes against the interest of freelance workers.
b. to work against
Reducir estos beneficios de salud desfavorecerá a los ciudadanos.Cutting these health benefits will work against the citizens.
2. (to not flatter)
a. to not suit
El color amarillo te desfavorece porque eres muy pálido.Yellow doesn't suit you because you are very pale.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (in the blank space around a text)
a. in the margin
Cuando el profesor corrige los exámenes, pone notas marginales.When the teacher corrects the exams, he writes notes in the margin.
b. marginal
Las notas marginales del documento explicaban los puntos confusos.The marginal notes in the document explained the confusing parts.
2. (secondary)
a. minor
La conferencia abarcó solo temas marginales, sin ocuparse de los más importantes.The conference only covered minor topics, neglecting the most important ones.
b. marginal
Hay un asunto marginal que hemos evitado tratar hasta ahora.There is a marginal issue we have been avoiding until now.
3. (not mainstream)
a. fringe
No a todo el mundo le gusta esta obra de teatro marginal, porque es muy inquietante.Not everyone likes this fringe play, because it's very disturbing.
4. (economy)
a. marginal
En la sociedad actual el coste marginal de los productos es cercano a cero.In our current society the marginal cost of products is close to zero.
5. (underprivileged)
a. marginalized
Las zonas marginales de la ciudad tienen fama de ser peligrosas.The marginalized areas of the city are known to be dangerous.
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