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Quick answer
"Descuento" is a noun which is often translated as "discount", and "bonificación" is a noun which is often translated as "bonus". Learn more about the difference between "descuento" and "bonificación" below.
descuento(
dehs
-
kwehn
-
toh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (price reduction)
a. discount
Hacemos un descuento de 10% en todas las computadoras este fin de semana.We're giving a 10% discount on all computers this weekend.
2. (reduction)
a. deduction
Noté un descuento en mi sueldo de este mes.There was a deduction in my salary this month.
3. (sports)
a. overtime
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
El descuento fue de tres minutos.The overtime was three minutes long.
b. injury time (United Kingdom)
Anotaron el gol de la victoria en el descuento.They scored the winning goal during injury time.
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bonificación(
boh
-
nee
-
fee
-
kah
-
syohn
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (extra pay)
a. bonus
Los trabajadores que trabajan durante los festivos reciben después una bonificación.Those workers who work during public holidays get a bonus afterwards.
2. (allowance)
a. discount
Si compras hoy este producto recibirás una bonificación del 10%.If you buy this product today you will obtain a 10% discount.
3. (games)
a. bonus points
La bonificación hizo que Juliana ganara el partido.The bonus points meant Juliana won the game.
4. (agricultura)
a. improvement
Los agricultores exigen que el gobierno subvencione la bonificación de tierras.Farmers demand that the government subsidize land improvements.
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