Quick answer
"Desarrollo" is a noun which is often translated as "development", and "investigación" is a noun which is often translated as "research". Learn more about the difference between "desarrollo" and "investigación" below.
desarrollo(
deh
-
sah
-
rroh
-
yoh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (evolution, betterment)
a. development
El desarrollo industrial es vital para la economía de un país.Industrial development is vital for the economy of a country.
2. (progress)
a. development
La buena nutrición es clave para el desarrollo de un niño.Good nutrition is key for a child's development.
b. growth
Para fomentar el desarrollo de una planta se necesitan luz y agua.To encourage the growth of a plant, you need light and water.
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investigación(
eem
-
behs
-
tee
-
gah
-
syohn
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (investigation)
a. research
Se ha realizado una investigación sobre la relación entre los perros y los niños.Research has been carried out about the relationship between dogs and children.
b. study
La investigación demuestra que las mujeres aguantan mejor el dolor.The study shows that women withstand pain better than men.
2. (probe)
a. investigation
Tras la investigación que he hecho te aseguro que Pedro te quiere.After the investigation I've carried out I can tell you Pedro loves you.
b. inquiry
La policía dice que la investigación los ha llevado al culpable del delito.The police stated that the inquiry brought them to the culprit of the crime.
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