Quick answer
"Desarrollo" is a noun which is often translated as "development", and "ampliación" is a noun which is often translated as "expansion". Learn more about the difference between "desarrollo" and "ampliación" below.
desarrollo(
deh
-
sah
-
rroh
-
yoh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (evolution, betterment)
a. development
El desarrollo industrial es vital para la economía de un país.Industrial development is vital for the economy of a country.
2. (progress)
a. development
La buena nutrición es clave para el desarrollo de un niño.Good nutrition is key for a child's development.
b. growth
Para fomentar el desarrollo de una planta se necesitan luz y agua.To encourage the growth of a plant, you need light and water.
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ampliación(
ahm
-
plyah
-
syohn
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (act of extending)
a. expansion (of business, vocabulary, scheme)
La ampliación del negocio solo tendrá lugar si aumentamos nuestros ingresos.The expansion of the business will only take place if we increase revenue.
b. extension (of building, coverage)
La ampliación de la casa costará miles de dólares.The extension of the house will cost thousands of dollars.
2. (photography)
a. enlargement
Presenté una ampliación de mi fotografía al concurso.I entered an enlargement of my photograph for the competition.
3. (prolongation)
a. extension
Gracias a la ampliación del plazo pude acabar el trabajo.Thanks to the extension of the deadline I was able to finish the work.
4. (augmentation)
a. increase
La junta aprobó una ampliación de capital para la empresa.The board approved an increase in the company's capital.
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