Quick answer
"Desharrapado" is an adjective which is often translated as "ragged", and "destartalado" is an adjective which is often translated as "dilapidated". Learn more about the difference between "desharrapado" and "destartalado" below.
desharrapado
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (in tattered clothing)
a. ragged
Un mendigo desharrapado va pidiendo comida en el metro.A ragged homeless man is asking for food on the subway.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
2. (person wearing clothes in tatters)
a. person dressed in rags
Varios desharrapados se refugian de la lluvia en un subterráneo.Several people dressed in rags are taking shelter from the rain in an underground walkaway.
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destartalado(
dehs
-
tahr
-
tah
-
lah
-
doh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (in disrepair)
a. dilapidated
Mariano vendió su camioneta destartalada y compró un flamante coche nuevo.Mariano sold his dilapidated truck and bought a brand-new car.
b. shabby
El aparador estaba destartalado y carcomido por las termitas.The dresser was shabby and eaten by termites.
c. ramshackle
No te subas a ese andamiaje. Se ve destartalado y puede venirse abajo.Don't get on that scaffolding. It looks ramshackle and may collapse.
d. run-down
Nos refugiamos en una casucha destartalada en el bosque.We took shelter in a run-down shack in the forest.
e. beat-up
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Armando manejaba un coche destartalado que hacía mucho ruido.Armando drove a beat-up car that made a lot of noise.
f. clapped-out
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(United Kingdom)
Nadie va a robar mi auto. Es un Fiat destartalado.Nobody would steal my car. It's a clapped-out Fiat.
2. (messy)
a. untidy
La sala de estar está destartalada. Tenemos que limpiar antes de que lleguen nuestros padres.The living room is untidy. We need to clean up before our parents return home.
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