Quick answer
"Desafío" is a noun which is often translated as "challenge", and "temerario" is an adjective which is often translated as "rash". Learn more about the difference between "desafío" and "temerario" below.
desafío(
dehs
-
ah
-
fee
-
oh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (difficult task)
a. challenge
Es un verdadero desafío para mí mudarme a otro país y dejar atrás a mi familia.It's a real challenge for me to move to another country and leave my family behind.
2. (provocation)
a. defiance
Su desafío a la muerte es digno de admirar.Her defiance of death is admirable.
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temerario(
teh
-
meh
-
rah
-
ryoh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (foolhardy)
a. rash
Fue una acción temeraria, pero lo cierto es que salvó muchas vidas.It was a rash action, but one that saved many lives.
b. reckless
El temerario juego consiste en saltar desde el balcón de un apartamento a una piscina.The reckless game consists of jumping from an apartment balcony into a swimming pool.
c. bold
Mira que eres temerario. No sé cómo te atreves a molestar a mamá cuando está trabajando.Aren't you bold? I don't know how you dare to bug mom when she's working.
d. daredevil (driver)
Un conductor temerario fue arrestado hoy tras subir a Internet un vídeo en el que conducía en dirección contraria.A daredevil driver was arrested today after he uploaded a video of himself driving against traffic.
2. (unfounded)
a. rash
Yo creo que no debemos hacer juicios temerarios sobre lo que hizo Ana sin dejar antes que se explique.I think we shouldn't pass rash judgement on what Ana did without first hearing what she has to say for herself.
b. hasty
Mis padres dieron su temeraria opinión sobre mi nuevo novio basándose solo en su aspecto.My parents gave their hasty opinion of my new boyfriend based on looks alone.
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