Quick answer
"De abajo" is a phrase which is often translated as "downstairs", and "abajo" is an adverb which is often translated as "down". Learn more about the difference between "de abajo" and "abajo" below.
de abajo
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (on the floor below)
a. downstairs
La casa tiene dos dormitorios arriba y uno en planta baja. En el dormitorio de abajo, duermo yo.The house has two bedrooms upstairs and one downstaris. I sleep in the downstairs room.
2. (from the lowest part)
a. from bottom
Por favor, lee los números de abajo hacia arriba.Please read the numbers from bottom to top.
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abajo(
ah
-
bah
-
hoh
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (position)
a. down
El gato está ahí abajo.The cat is down there.
b. below
Me gusta bastante ese cuadro, pero prefiero el que está abajo.I quite like that painting, but I prefer the one below.
c. underneath
Él durmió en la litera de arriba y yo abajo.He slept on the top bunk, and I slept underneath.
2. (direction)
a. down
Si tienes vértigo, no mires abajo.If you're afraid of heights, don't look down.
b. downward
La flecha apuntaba abajo.The arrow pointed downward.
3. (on a lower floor)
a. downstairs
Soy tu vecino; vivo abajo.I'm your neighbor; I live downstairs.
4. (after preposition)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Haz un boceto del edificio visto desde abajo.Draw a sketch of the building seen from below.
Íbamos para abajo en el elevador cuando se descompuso.We were going down in the elevator when it broke down.
5. (after noun)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
La canoa avanzaba río abajo.The canoe moved downriver.
La riada arrastró los carros calle abajo.The flood swept the cars down the road.
6. (on a scale or level)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Todo el equipo fue despedido, de la coordinadora para abajo.The entire team was fired, from the coordinator down.
Aceptamos a niños de 12 años para abajo.We admit children aged 12 or under.
7. (in a text)
a. below
Se pueden encontrar ejemplos más abajo.You can find examples below.
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
8. (expressing opposition)
a. down with
¡Abajo el dictador!Down with the dictator!
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