Quick answer
"Vencida" is a form of "vencido", an adjective which is often translated as "defeated". "Darse por vencido" is a pronominal verb phrase which is often translated as "to give up". Learn more about the difference between "darse por vencido" and "vencida" below.
darse por vencido(
dahr
-
seh
 
pohr
 
behn
-
see
-
doh
)
A pronominal verb phrase combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Se dio cuenta del problema.)
pronominal verb phrase
1. (general)
a. to give up
Nunca nos daremos por vencidos en nuestra lucha por mejorar las condiciones laborales.We'll never give up on our fight to improve working conditions.
b. to give in
Me doy por vencido, hagan lo que quieran. Siempre lo hacen de todos modos.I give in; do as you please. You always do anyway.
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vencido(
behn
-
see
-
doh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (having lost)
a. defeated
Dejó caer la espada al suelo sabiendo que estaba vencido.He let his sword fall to the ground knowing that he was defeated.
b. losing
Los del equipo vencido se fueron cabizbajos del campo.The losing team left the field with their heads down.
2. (past date)
a. expired
¿Te das cuenta de que tu carné de conducir está vencido?Are you aware that your driver's license is expired?
b. past its expiration date
Veo que tienes permiso de caza aquí, pero el permiso está vencido.I see that you have a permit to hunt here, but the permit is past its expiration date.
c. out of date
No te puedo dejar subir al tren. Este boleto está vencido.I can't let you on the train. This ticket is out of date.
3. (finance)
a. due
Debe pagar el saldo vencido a final de mes.You must pay the balance due at the end of the month.
b. payable
La empresa todavía no ha pagado la cantidad vencida a sus acreedores.The company still hasn't paid the amount payable to its creditors.
4. (giving way to)
a. sagging
Las puertas dobles están completamente vencidas.The double doors are totally sagging.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
5. (person who has lost)
a. loser
Después de la semifinal, los dos vencidos juegan para determinar tercer lugar.After the semifinal, the two losers play to determine third place.
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