Quick answer
"Disculpe" is a form of "disculpar", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to forgive". "Dónde está el baño" is a phrase which is often translated as "where's the bathroom". Learn more about the difference between "dónde está el baño" and "disculpe" below.
dónde está el baño
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (in questions)
a. where's the bathroom
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
¿Dónde está el baño en esta casa? - Está en el piso de arriba.Where's the bathroom in this house? - It's upstairs.
b. where's the toilet (United Kingdom)
¿Dónde está el baño más cercano? Necesito ir urgentemente.Where's the nearest toilet? I need to go urgently.
2. (in statements)
a. where the bathroom is
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
No sé dónde está el baño. Pregúntale a la dueña de la casa.I don't know where the bathroom is. Ask our host.
b. where the toilet is (United Kingdom)
No recuerdo dónde está el baño. - Es esa puerta de allí.I can't remember where the toilet is. - It's that door over there.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to pardon)
a. to forgive
Por favor, discúlpame por haber roto la guitarra.Please, forgive me for breaking the guitar.
b. to excuse
Discúlpeme por llegar unos minutos tarde.Excuse me for arriving a few minutes late.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (to ask forgiveness)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Disculpe, por favor. ¿Me dice dónde está la parada del metro?Excuse me, please. Can you tell me where the subway station is?
Disculpa, no te he visto trabajando allí. Me pondré los cascos.I'm sorry, I didn't see you there working. I'll put headphones in.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (to admit guilt)
a. to apologize
Si te disculparas, quizás te perdonaría.If you apologized, perhaps he'd forgive you.
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