Quick answer
"Crackdown" is a noun which is often translated as "la campaña", and "crack down" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "tomar medidas enérgicas". Learn more about the difference between "crackdown" and "crack down" below.
crackdown
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (general)
a. la campaña
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The crackdown on petty theft has made the downtown safer to tourists.La campaña contra los robos menores ha hecho el centro más seguro para los turistas.
b. las medidas enérgicas
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There have been calls for a crackdown on opiates in the state.Se ha hecho un llamado para tomar medidas enérgicas contra los opiatos en el estado.
c. las medidas severas
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The recent crackdown has exposed several instances of corruption.Las recientes medidas severas han sacado a la luz varios casos de corrupción.
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crack down
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (to take severe measures; often used with "on")
a. tomar medidas enérgicas
Crime around here has gotten out of hand. The police really need to crack down.El crimen en estas partes está descontrolado. La policía realmente tiene que tomar medidas enérgicas.
b. tomar medidas enérgicas contra
We need to crack down on drug dealers in the neighborhood.Tenemos que tomar medidas enérgicas contra los traficantes de drogas en el barrio.
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