Quick answer
"Come down with" is a transitive verb phrase which is often translated as "caer enfermo de", and "turn down" is a transitive verb phrase which is often translated as "rechazar". Learn more about the difference between "come down with" and "turn down" below.
come down with
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (general)
a. caer enfermo de
The doctor told the family that Paulina had come down with measles.El doctor le dijo a la familia que Paulina había caído enferma de sarampión.
b. coger
Toni came down with a fever last night, but he's feeling a little better today.Toni cogió una fiebre anoche, pero hoy se siente un poco mejor.
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turn down(
tuhrn
 
daun
)
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (to refuse)
a. rechazar
Spielberg offered him the lead role in his new movie, but he turned it down.Spielberg le ofreció el papel principal en su nueva película, pero lo rechazó.
2. (to reduce)
a. bajar
I'll turn the thermostat down. We don't need need the heat at 80°.Voy a bajar el termostato. No hace falta tener la calefacción a 80°.
3. (to fold back)
a. doblar
The sheets on the beds had all been neatly turned down by the chambermaid.La camarera había doblado cuidadosamente las sábanas de todas las camas.
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