Quick answer
"Come across" is a transitive verb phrase which is often translated as "encontrar", and "run into" is a transitive verb phrase which is often translated as "chocar con". Learn more about the difference between "come across" and "run into" below.
come across(
kuhm
 
uh
-
kras
)
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (to find)
a. encontrar
I came across a book today that I thought might interest you.Encontré un libro hoy que pensé que te podría interesar.
b. encontrarse
Barry was rummaging through some things in the attic when he came across his old catcher's mitt.Barry hurgaba entre unas cosas en la buhardilla cuando se encontró su viejo guante de receptor.
c. toparse con
I came across this recipe on the Internet.Me topé con esta receta en el Internet.
d. dar con
I came across the solution when I was researching something else.Di con la solución cuando estaba investigando otra cosa.
2. (to go across)
a. cruzar
Oh, no. Look who's coming across the classroom to talk to us.Ay, no. Mira quién está cruzando el salón para hablarnos.
b. atravesar
Wait there! I don't want you to come across the street with all this traffic.¡Espérame allí! No quiero que atraveses la calle con hay tanto tráfico.
3. (to meet)
a. encontrarse con
Josefina was walking in the park when she came across an old friend.Josefina paseaba por el parque cuando se encontró con un viejo amigo.
b. toparse con
I came across one of my teachers in the bookstore.Me topé con uno de mis maestros en la librería.
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
4. (to give an impression; often used with "as")
a. dar una impresión
How did you like your daughter's boyfriend? - He came across quite well.¿Cómo te pareció el novio de tu hija? - Me dio muy buena impresión.
b. dar la impresión de ser
Though he comes across as being tough, Duncan is really a softy at heart.Aunque dé la impresión de ser duro, Duncan es un buenazo de corazón.
5.
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g. carrot, bean).
(figurative)
(to be understood as)
a. entenderse
Be careful how you phrase your complaint; it could come across the wrong way.Ten cuidado de cómo formulas tu queja; podría entenderse de una manera equivocada.
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run into
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (to collide with)
a. chocar con
Clay jumped the red light and ran into a taxi.Clay pasó con el semáforo en rojo y chocó con un taxi.
b. chocar contra
He turned around to wave, while continuing to walk, and ran into a pole.Volteó para saludar, sin dejar de caminar, y chocó contra un poste.
c. chocar
Two cars ran into each other on the street in front of my house.Dos coches chocaron en la calle frente a mi casa.
2. (to meet by chance)
a. tropezarse con
I ran into a friend from Hawaii when I was traveling through Nicaragua.Me tropecé con una amiga de Hawai cuando estaba viajando por Nicaragua.
b. toparse con
Guess who I ran into today?¿A que no adivinas con quién me topé hoy?
c. encontrarse con
I work in the same building as Vera, but I've never run into her.Trabajo en el mismo edificio que Vera, pero aún no me he encontrado con ella.
3. (to encounter)
a. tropezar con
The program, while well intentioned, ran into opposition from many people.El programa, aunque bien intencionado, tropezó con la oposición de muchas personas.
b. encontrarse con
They ran into a dust storm while crossing the desert.Se encontraron con una tormenta de polvo al atravesar el desierto.
c. toparse con
The proposal to buy 80 per cent of the company ran into trouble with the finance committee.La propuesta de comprar el 80 por ciento de la compañía se topó con problemas en el comité de finanzas.
4. (to amount to)
a. ascender a
At this rate the total cost of repairing the building will run into the millions.A este paso el costo total de la reparación del edifició ascenderá a millones.
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