Quick answer
"Close to" is a phrase which is often translated as "cerca de", and "close up" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "cerrarse". Learn more about the difference between "close to" and "close up" below.
close to(
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (physically near)
a. cerca de
My mom lives close to the school.Mi mamá vive cerca de la escuela.
2. (relationships)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I like my coworkers, but I'm not close to any of them.Me gustan mis colegas, pero no tengo mucha relación con ninguno de ellos.
I'm not very close to my parents.No trato mucho a mis padres.
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close up(
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (to heal)
a. cerrarse
Stephanie applied a healing cream to her wound so it would close up more quickly.Stephanie aplicó una crema cicatrizante a su herida para que se cerrara más pronto.
2. (to become uncommunicative)
a. callarse
Fred closed up when his mother asked him why he went to the beach without permission.Fred se calló cuando su mamá le preguntó por qué se había ido a la playa sin permiso.
3. (to lock up temporarily)
a. cerrar
In Mexico, most of the businesses close up from 2 pm to 4 pm for the midday meal.En México, la mayoría de los negocios cierra de 2 pm a 4 pm para la comida del mediodía.
4. (to come closer together)
a. amontonarse (people or vehicles)
Traffic closes up near the entrance to the shopping mall during the Christmas season.El tráfico se amontona cerca de la entrada al centro comercial durante la temporada navideña.
5. (to become narrower and less open)
a. cerrarse
Camille walked out on stage to sing, but her throat closed up due to stage fright.Camille salió al escenario para cantar, pero se le cerró la garganta por el pánico escénico.
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
6. (to lock up temporarily)
a. cerrar
Tommy closed up the shop and headed for the football game.Tommy cerró la tienda y se dirigió al partido de fútbol americano.
7. (to bring closer together)
a. cerrar filas
The colonel gave the order to close up the troops.El coronel dio la orden de que las tropas cerraran filas.
8. (to narrow and become less open)
a. cerrar
She had surgery to close up the hole in her perforated eardrum.Tuvieron que operarla para cerrar el orificio que se le hizo en el tímpano perforado.
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