Quick answer
"Civilian" is an adjective which is often translated as "civil", and "civic" is an adjective which is often translated as "cívico". Learn more about the difference between "civilian" and "civic" below.
civilian(
sih
-
vihl
-
yihn
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (non-military)
a. civil
You have to wear civilian clothes when you are not on the military base.Tienes que estar vestido de civil cuando no estás en la base miliar.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Peter left the CIA and undertook a civilian career as a security consultant.Peter dejó la CIA y emprendió una carrera en el ámbito civil como asesor en seguridad.
Thankfully, the airstrike resulted in no civilian casualties.Afortunadamente, el ataque aéreo no ocasionó bajas entre la población civll.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
2. (non-military person)
a. el civil
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la civil
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The military is drafting civilians to aid in the war effort.El ejército está reclutando civiles para ayudar con el esfuerzo bélico.
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civic
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (related to citizens' activities)
a. cívico
Mrs. Owen's civic activities have given her a high profile in the community.Las actividades cívicas de la señora Owen le han dado un papel destacado en la comunidad.
2. (related to a city)
a. civil
Various local civic bodies have contributed to the cost of the new building.Diversas organizaciones civiles de la zona contribuyeron al costo del nuevo edificio.
b. municipal
Both civic and state authorities should be involved in any proposed solution to the problem.Las autoridades tanto municipales como estatales deberían involucrarse en cualquier propuesta de solución al problema.
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