Quick answer
"Challenging" is an adjective which is often translated as "desafiante", and "however" is an adverb which is often translated as "sin embargo". Learn more about the difference between "challenging" and "however" below.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (provocative)
a. desafiante
She told him to sit down and he gave her a challenging look.Le dijo que se sentara y él le lanzó una mirada desafiante.
2. (demanding)
a. retador
This astrophysics book is quite challenging.Este libro de astrofísica es bastante retador.
b. que supone un desafío
My math homework is challenging.Mi tarea de matemáticas supone un desafío.
c. que supone un reto
Figuring out how to break the Nazi's enigma code was challenging.Encontrar la manera de descifrar el código enigma de los nazis supuso un reto.
3. (stimulating)
a. estimulante
Chess is a challenging game that demands strategic thinking.El ajedrez es un juego estimulante que exige un pensamiento estratégico.
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An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (nevertheless)
a. sin embargo
I like listening to music; however, I don't like going to concerts.Me gusta escuchar música; sin embargo, no me gusta ir a conciertos.
b. no obstante
I love reading; however, I don't like non-fiction books.Me encanta leer; no obstante, no me gustan los libros factuales.
2. (no matter how)
a. sin importar
However hard it is, I choose to forgive.Sin importar lo duro que sea, elijo perdonar.
b. por
However cold it is, I'm going to go running.Por mucho frío que haga, voy a salir a correr.
3. (how)
a. cómo
However did you get there?¿Cómo llegaste ahí?
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
4. (as)
a. como
Do your hair however you like.Péinate como tú quieras.
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