Quick answer
"Ch." is an abbreviation which is often translated as "c.", and "sh" is an interjection which is often translated as "chitón". Learn more about the difference between "ch." and "sh" below.
An abbreviation is the shortened form of a word or group of words (e.g. "UFO" = "unidentified flying object"; "p." = "page").
1. (chapter)
a. el c.
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
For Monday, I would like you all to read ch. 17, "The Siege."Para el lunes, me gustaría que todos lean el c. 17, "El sitio".
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An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
1. (used to tell someone to be quiet)
a. chitón
Sh! Be quiet and let me listen to the lecturer.¡Chitón! Guarda silencio y déjame escucharle al conferencista.
b. chist
Sh! This is the best part.¡Chist! Esta es la mejor parte.
c. ssh
Sh! I can't hear what they're saying!¡Ssh! ¡No escucho lo que están diciendo!
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