Quick answer
"Be able to" is a transitive verb phrase which is often translated as "poder", and "do you know" is a phrase which is often translated as "sabes". Learn more about the difference between "be able to" and "do you know" below.
be able to(
bi
 
ey
-
buhl
 
tu
)
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (to be capable of)
a. poder
I am able to meet next Monday at nine in the morning. Is that convenient?Puedo reunirme el lunes que viene a las nueve de la mañana. ¿Le es conveniente?
b. ser capaz de
He was not able to walk after the accident.No era capaz de caminar después del accidente.
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do you know
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (used to address one person)
a. sabes
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
(singular)
What do you know about the protests downtown?¿Qué sabes de las manifestaciones en el centro?
b. sabe
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
(singular)
Do you know where the nearest bus stop is?¿Sabe dónde queda la parada de autobús más cercana?
c. conoces
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(singular)
Do you know that guy?¿Conoces a ese tipo?
d. conoce
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(singular)
Do you know my brother?¿Conoce a mi hermano?
2. (used to address multiple people)
a. saben (plural)
Do you know if there's a pharmacy around here?¿Saben si hay una farmacia por aquí?
b. conocen (plural)
Do you know each other? - Yes, we met last week.¿Se conocen? - Sí, nos conocimos la semana pasada.
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