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Quick answer
"By now" is a phrase which is often translated as "ya", and "now" is an adverb which is often translated as "ahora". Learn more about the difference between "by now" and "now" below.
by now(
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (general)
a. ya
He should be here by now.Ya debería estar aquí.
b. a estas alturas
You should have graduated by now.A estas alturas, deberías haberte recibido.
c. a estas horas
He probably knows by now that he can't fire judges he disagrees with.Probablemente sabe a estas horas que no puede despedir a los jueces con los que no está de acuerdo.
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An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (at this moment)
a. ahora
The time for action is now.Ahora es el momento de actuar.
2. (nowadays)
a. actualmente
Now things are done much differently.Actualmente las cosas se hacen de manera muy diferente.
b. hoy en día
The world is so connected now.El mundo está muy conectado hoy en día.
3. (immediately)
a. ya
The movie is beginning now.La película ya está empezando.
4. (introducing a statement)
a. bueno
Now, it's time for you to go to bed.Bueno, ya es hora de que te acuestes.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
5. (current)
a. actual
The now leader agreed that it was a very serious concern.El líder actual coincidió en que era un asunto muy grave.
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
6. (since; with "that")
a. ahora que
Now that you have it, what are you going to do about it?Ahora que lo tienes, ¿qué vas a hacer al respecto?
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
7. (the present time)
a. el ahora
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Until now I'd never given it much thought.Hast ahora realmente no lo había considerado.
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