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Quick answer
"By far" is an adverb which is often translated as "de lejos", and "by now" is a phrase which is often translated as "ya". Learn more about the difference between "by far" and "by now" below.
by far(
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (by a large margin)
a. de lejos
Those are by far the best pancakes I've ever had.Esos son de lejos los mejores panqueques que he comido.
b. por lejos
The blue whale is by far the largest sea mammal.La ballena azul es por lejos el mamífero marino más grande.
c. por creces
Regina is happier living in Austin by far.Regina está más feliz viviendo en Austin por creces.
d. por mucho
By far, the test scores improved this year.Por mucho, las cualificaciones de las pruebas mejoraron este año.
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by now(
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (general)
a. ya
He should be here by now.Ya debería estar aquí.
b. a estas alturas
You should have graduated by now.A estas alturas, deberías haberte recibido.
c. a estas horas
He probably knows by now that he can't fire judges he disagrees with.Probablemente sabe a estas horas que no puede despedir a los jueces con los que no está de acuerdo.
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