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Quick answer
"Breathe out" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "espirar", and "hold your breath" is a phrase which is often translated as "contén la respiración". Learn more about the difference between "breathe out" and "hold your breath" below.
breathe out(
brith
 
aut
)
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (to exhale)
a. espirar
Take a deep breath through your nose, then breathe out slowly through your mouth.Respira hondo por la nariz, luego espira lentamente por la boca.
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
2. (to send out)
a. exhalar
He breathed out a cloud of cigarette smoke in my face.Me exhaló una nube de humo de cigarrillo en la cara.
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hold your breath(
hold
 
yawr
 
brehth
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (imperative; used to address one person)
a. contén la respiración
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
(singular)
Hold your breath. The smell is awful.Contén la respiración. El olor es horroroso.
b. aguanta la respiración
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
(singular)
Hold your breath and then dive in.Aguanta la respiración y después te zambulles.
c. contenga la respiración
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(singular)
Hold your breath, Mr. Sykes. That's it. Thanks.Contenga la respiración, Sr. Sykes. Eso es. Gracias.
d. aguante la respiración
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(singular)
Please hold your breath for a few seconds and then breathe.Por favor, aguante la respiración unos segundos y después respire.
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
2. (to restrain your breathing)
a. contener la respiración
How long can you hold your breath under water?¿Cuánto tiempo puedes contener la respiración bajo el agua?
b. aguantar la respiración
So you hid inside a closet and held your breath? - Yes, and I tried not to make any noise.¿Así que te escondiste en un armario y aguantaste la respiración? - Sí, y procuré no hacer ruido.
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