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Quick answer
"Breakdown" is a noun which is often translated as "la avería", and "mechanical" is an adjective which is often translated as "mecánico". Learn more about the difference between "breakdown" and "mechanical" below.
breakdown(
breyk
-
daun
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (failure)
a. la avería
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I think the printer breakdown is covered by our insurance.Creo que el seguro nos cubre la avería de la impresora.
b. la falla
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
Train service was suspended due to an electrical breakdown.Se suspendió el servicio del ferrocarril por una falla eléctrica.
c. el fallo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The lightning storm caused a breakdown in the electrical system.La tormenta eléctrica provocó un fallo del sistema eléctrico.
d. la descompostura
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
A bus breakdown closed two lanes on the bridge on Sunday afternoon.La descompostura de un camión provocó el cierre de dos carriles del puente el domingo por la tarde.
2. (mental collapse)
a. la crisis nerviosa
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I think I'm going to have a breakdown. I only have one day to go before I defend my thesis.Creo que voy a tener una crisis nerviosa. Solo falta un día para la defensa de mi tesis.
b. el colapso nervioso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Renata had a breakdown when she realized that she wouldn't fit into her wedding gown.Renata sufrió un colapso nervioso cuando se dio cuenta de que no le iba a quedar el vestido de bodas.
3. (disrupted communication)
a. la ruptura
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A breakdown in talks between Athens and its creditors plunged the country deep into crisis.La ruptura de las conversaciones entre Atenas y sus acreedores hundió al país en una profunda crisis.
b. el fracaso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There was a breakdown in negotiations when the parties failed to agree on the price.Hubo un fracaso en las negociaciones cuando las partes no lograron ponerse de acuerdo en el precio.
4. (analysis)
a. el desglose
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The accountant presented the breakdown of expenses by category.La contadora presentó el desglose de gastos por categoría.
b. el análisis
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I'd like to see a breakdown by month of the company's income and expenses.Quisiera ver un análisis por mes de los ingresos y gastos de la empresa.
5. (chemistry)
a. la descomposición
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We did a breakdown of sugar into carbon and water using sulfuric acid.Hicimos una descomposición del azúcar en carbono y agua con ácido sulfúrico.
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mechanical
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (relating to machines)
a. mecánico
The first mechanical clocks were invented at the end of the 13th century.Los primeros relojes mecánicos se inventaron a finales del siglo XIII.
b. maquinal
Some mechanical toys have very life-like movements.Algunos juguetes maquinales tienen movimientos muy reales.
2. (automatic)
a. mecánico
Her voice sounded mechanical, as if her thoughts were elsewhere.Hablaba con voz mecánica como si estuviera pensando en otra cosa.
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