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Quick answer
"Be in charge of" is a phrase which is often translated as "estar a cargo de", and "take over" is a transitive verb phrase which is often translated as "encargarse de". Learn more about the difference between "be in charge of" and "take over" below.
be in charge of(
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (general)
a. estar a cargo de
Jim is in charge of the store when his mom is out of town.Jim está a cargo de la tienda cuando su mamá esta fuera de la ciudad.
b. tener a su cargo
I'm the head of the marketing department. I'm in charge of 25 employees.Soy el jefe del departamento de marketing. Tengo a cargo 25 empleados.
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take over(
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (to take control of)
a. encargarse de
I took over the family business after my father's death.Cuando mi padre falleció, yo me encargué del negocio familiar.
b. hacerse cargo de
The manager took over the presidency.El gerente se hizo cargo de la presidencia.
c. asumir
You don't have enough experience to take over the position.No tienes la experiencia necesaria para asumir ese puesto.
d. tomar (territory)
My grandparents fled to America when the Nazis took over Paris in 1940.Mis abuelos escaparon a América cuando los nazis tomaron París en 1940.
2. (to buy out)
a. adquirir
Microsoft intends to take over Nokia for its intellectual property.Microsoft tiene intenciones de adquirir Nokia por su propiedad intelectual.
b. absorber
No employees were fired when Google took over the company.Cuando Google absorbió la empresa, no despidieron a ningún empleado.
3. (to occupy)
a. invadir
Surfers take over the coastal town in summer.En verano, los surfistas invaden el pueblo costero.
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
4. (to take control)
a. tomar el poder
When Fidel Castro took over, thousands of Cubans escaped the island.Cuando Fidel Castro tomó el poder, miles de cubanos huyeron de la isla.
b. hacerse cargo
The director quit, but his successor doesn't want to take over.El director renunció, pero su sucesor no quiere hacerse cargo.
c. relevar (transitive verb)
The copilot took over because the other pilot passed out.El copiloto relevó al piloto porque se desmayó.
d. sustituir (transitive verb)
You can take a break. I'll take over from here.Puedes descansar. Yo te sustituyo.
5. (to dominate)
a. invadir (transitive verb)
Panic took over when I heard voices and footsteps on the second floor.Me invadió el pánico cuando escuché voces y pasos en el segundo piso.
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